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Formative Research in Rural Niger to identify Key Factors that influence Sanitation Behaviors

The objectives of the study were to establish baseline sanitation conditions and hygiene practices among rural populations for different endpoints (ending open defecation; construction of improved latrines and hand washing facilities; using and maintaining latrines; safe disposal of faeces; hand washing with soap); to identify the key factors and determinants that influence these practices; to describe the main benefits sought from sanitation and hygiene facilities; to estimate the ability and willingness of households to build, or pay for the building, of sanitation and hygiene facilities; and to describe the exposure and access to different media channels. To collect relevant data, a quantitative, population-representative household survey involving 2’000 households has been conducted across Southern Niger, with data collection supported by electronic tablets. The collected data were complemented by a series of focus group discussions and key informant interviews conducted in one region.