Community Health Projects in Bangladesh (since 1990’s) Polluted surface water, dangerous hygiene practices and arsenic contamination of ground water are major threats to community health in Bangladesh. In addition, floods, droughts and hurricanes regularly affect the country, challenging the access to safe drinking water even more, especially of the poorest. The SRC currently works in the districts of Rajshahi and Chapaj Nawabganj, where a combination of annual floods, seasonal droughts as well as arsenic contamination calls for adapted water options technology. The programme concentrates on strengthening the role and responsibility of the local government at union level, the lowest tier of government in the country. The union councils are supported in their task of integrating community needs into their budget planning and to ensure the transparent selection and contracting of private sector construction companies for building tube wells and household sanitary latrines. Community based organisations (CBO) – also formed by the programme – take responsibility for the water source management within their territory and are supported during the process of advocacy and negotiation with their government administration in order to improve their access to safe drinking water and sanitary latrines. A maintenance system based on the cooperation between local government and CBOs ensures the sustainability of the water supply systems. Hygiene and health promotion at community level supports these interventions.